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Tuesday, February 26, 2008

Government-Chap 4-Module 1

Part 1:

Political Party Eras

  • Different political parties
    • The first political parties:
      • Democratic-Republican:
        • Create by Jefferson
        • Congress should dominate the central government
        • "Equal rights for all, special privileges for none
        • Got support from agricultural areas
        • Dominated the government from Jefferson's presidency to the civil war
      • Federalist:
        • Create by Hamilton
        • Strong federal government
        • Dominated urban areas in the north
      • Democratic party:
        • Came from th democratic republican
        • Jackson was one
        • No strong central government
        • National bank
        • Elitism
      • Whig:
        • Led by Webster and Cly
        • Supported by eastern planters
        • Defends constitutional federal authority and high protective tariff
        • Disappeared after a while
      • Republican:
        • Lincoln: Marked the start of main power until great depression
      • Progressive:
        • 1900's
        • stock market crashes and great depression led to America realigning parties
        • Strong view on finding depression solutions
          • Republicans thought to let it fix itself
          • Reunited the North and South democrats
            • Led by Roosevelt
            • Democrats held power until 1968
  • Now only the Democratic and Republican parties have the main support o the country and government

Part 2:
-Always two parties dominate
~Occasionally a third comes up
~Founded by single issue or extreme ideology or from splintering off main parties
~ The strongest third parties have an innovative platform, new ideas, can get issues that get accepted by the major parties
~Limited by design of electoral college
~everywhere but Kentucky and Maine the candidate with popular vote gets all electoral votes
~Requires cash to funding
Eligibility for Federal Subsidies:
~Party has to be on ballot
~5% of all votes into last election
~Can effect voting by getting votes away from candidates, leaving the road open for others


Democratic-Republican party: 1776-1824, members supported legislation that helped the common man and were proponents of strong state governments
Democratic Party: Originated from the Demo-Repub. party. Jackson was an early party leader and changed the name of the party
Federalist Party: 1796-1824; members were wealthy men. Supported a strong central government. Hamilton was a strong supporter
Political party: Anthony Downs "A team of men seeking to control the government apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election
Progressive Party: Formed during the 1900s. Factions of major parties that were opposed to extreme conservatism and concentrated on making America a more democratic society.
Republican Party: Major political party. Formed curing 19503. Original members were former Whigs.
Whig Party: 1828-1856; led by Daniel Webster and Henry lay were leaders. Members were opposed to Jaksonian democracy and dedicated to defending federal authority. Slavery split the party in half
Third Parties: Electoral contenders other than the two major parties. Third parties can influence elections, thought the rarely win

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