Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Thursday, November 29, 2007

AP Lit- Hamlet-Act/Scene Notes



Bernardo, Marcellus, Horatio see the ghost of Hamlet's father and decide to tell Hamlet what they've seen




Claudius and Gertrude decide that Hamlet has gone mad. Horatio, Marcellus, and Bernardo tell Hamlet about the ghost they saw and how they thought it was Hamlet's father and Hamlet tells them that he will meet them at midnight to see the ghost himself.




Ophelia tells her brother Laertes about Hamlet's supposed advances towards her. She then tells her father, Polonius who gets really upset.




Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus meet at midnight and wait for the ghost to appear. When the ghost does appear and Hamlet speaks to it the ghost doesn't answer, only beckons for Hamlet to follow. Hamlet follows against Horatio and Marcellus' advice to not. After they leave Marcellus and Horatio decide to follow in case Hamlet should need help.




Hamlet follows the ghost and finally the ghost speaks when Hamlet demands that he won't follow anymore unless he answers. The ghost says that he doesn't have much time to explain. He is Hamlet's father. He says that Hamlet must solve his murder. The ghost tells him that his uncle, who is now the king, was the one who killed him. He says that his uncle killed him and married his widowed wife to become king. The ghost then leaves right before Horatio and Marcellus enter. They ask what happened, but Hamlet refuses to tell, but makes them swear (with the ghosts help) to never repeat what happened/what they saw that night.




  • Polonius send Reynaldo to spy on Laertes
  • Ophelia tells Polonius that Hamlet came in while she was sewing and held her
  • They go to tell the king


    ACT 2 SCENE 2:


  • Claudius and Gertrude tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to talk to Hamlet
  • Polonius explains to Gertrude and Claudius what Hamlet did and reads to them a letter from Hamlet addressed to Ophelia
  • They determine him mad and agree to spy on him to see if it is the truth
  • Polonius speaks to Hamlet, Hamlet pretends he doesn't know who he is, but asks if he has a daughter
  • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern talk to Hamlet, but Hamlet knows why they came to speak to him and gets them to confess that his mother sent them.
  • Hamlet tells the players to do a special scene
  • Hamlet's soliloquy about why he hasn't killed Claudius yet


    ACT 3 SCENE 1:


  • Hamlet's "to be or not to be" soliloquy
  • Claudius and Polonius hide while Hamlet speaks to Ophelia
    • Hamlet denies sending Ophelia notes and asks about her father
    • Claudius and Polonius decide that Hamlet is mad and should go to England


    ACT 3 SCENE 2


  • Hamlet instructs the players what to do for their scene. He asks Horatio to watch Claudius' reaction during the play
  • The players pretty much reenact the death of King Hamlet by Claudius
  • Horatio says that he did see the king react during the scene
  • Ends with another soliloquy by Hamlet about how he will be rude to his mother and show his anger, but he will not kill her


    ACT 3 SCENE 3


  • Claudius tells Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to take Hamlet with them to England
  • Polonius tells Claudius that Hamlet is going to speak to his mother privately
  • Claudius speaks a soliloquy in the form of a prayer, admitting what he did and asking for help from the angels
    • Hamlet hears the prayer and tells Claudius he shall spare him for now


    ACT 3 SCENE 4


  • Polonius hides in Gertrude's room to hear what they are going to talk about
  • Hamlet starts off in a rude manner, talking to his mother
  • Polonius accidentally reveals himself and Hamlet kills him
  • Hamlet confronts Gertrude about his father's premature death. Accusing her of having a part
    • The ghost shows up and tells Hamlet to talk to his mother
    • Gertrude truly think him mad when Hamlet starts talking to a ghost that she can't see or hear
  • Hamlet tells his mother to live purer
  • He takes Polonius' body and leaves


    ACT 4 SCENE 1


  • Gertrude tells Claudius, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern about how Hamlet killed Polonius and took his body, and how he spoke to no one


    ACT 4 SCENE 2


  • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern confront Hamlet about what he did and ask where he put the body
  • Hamlet refuses to tell them, saying that he has to look out for his own interests


    ACT 4 SCENE 3


  • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern bring Hamlet to see Claudius
    • Claudius asks where Polonius is and Hamlet once again refuses to tell
    • Claudius tells Hamlet to go to England
    • After Hamlet leaves Claudius has a mini soliloquy about killing Hamlet


    ACT 4 SCENE 4


  • Fortinbras comes and tells Hamlet that he is against Poland and wants to travel through Denmark
  • Hamlet says another soliloquy and reveal his shame that he has not killed Claudius yet
    • He thinks that if Fortinbras can lead a worthless fight he should be able to take care of Claudius, but then again, he thinks Fortinbras a fool


    ACT 4 SCENE 5


  • Ophelia is revealed to have gone mad after the death of her father
  • The people are calling for Laertes to be king
  • Laertes comes back and accuses Claudius of having his father
    • Claudius tells him that he is dead
    • Laertes sees what Ophelia has become
    • Claudius tells Laetres that if he is responsible for Polonius' death he could have the kingdom, but if not, he would help him get revenge on who really did it


    ACT 4 SCENE 6


  • Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet saying that his ship was attacked by pirates and that he convinced them to bring him back to Denmark
    • Hamlet also tells Horatio to deliver his other letters to the king


    ACT 4 SCENE 7


  • At the opening Claudius has finished telling Laertes what Hamlet did
    • He explains why he didn't turn Hamlet in for a trial
      • Gertrude loves him too much and Hamlet has the support of the people
  • Claudius gets the letter from Hamlet and reads it aloud
    • He then convinces Laertes to kill Hamlet by poisoning him
  • Gertrude comes and tells the two about the death of Ophelia
    • She drowned


    AC 5 SCENE 1


  • Hamlet and Horatio meet up with two 'clowns' and they hear them talking about the death of someone. They are digging a grave. They are debating whether of not she deserves a proper burial
    • They mention Hamlet being mad in England, not knowing who they are talking to
  • The grave turns out to belong to Ophelia and Hamlet walked in right before the start of the funeral
  • Hamlet reveals himself and Laertes fights him
    • Gertrude gets them to stop and Hamlet leaves.
    • Claudius assures Laertes that he will have his chance to slay Hamlet

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

Art History -Chap 7 - Images part 2

7-8 Good Shepherd, Orants, and story Jonah
Painted Ceiling of the catacomb of saints Pierto and Marcellion, Rome, 4th century. Has a central medallion and four lunettes. The center holds the Good Shepherd with a Greek like pose, it was taken from the idea that Jesus said that he was a good shepherd . The four lunettes contain the story of Jonah, which is sometimes interpreted as the death of Christ. In between the lunettes are Orants, figures with raised hands as a symbol of prayer.

7-5 Wall with Torah niche
From a house-synagogue, Dura-Europos, Syria. 244-245. Tempera on Plaster. A synagogue is a Jewish place of worship, this one was built like a house, this one was built like a house. It contains an assembly hall, a niche to hold the Torah, an alcove for women, and a courtyard. After it was finished residential rooms were added. The two architectural things that stood put in the assembly hal, a bench along the walls and a niche for the torah.

7-16 Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna
Italy. C. 425-426. Funerary chapel attached to the Church of the imperial palace. Made when Galla Placida was regent for sane. It was believed that her and her family were buried there, Made in Cruciform with a barrel vault on each of the arms and pendentive domes they are not visible from the exterior because of the shape of the roofs. On the exterior there was a cornice and blind arcading.

7-12 Parting of Lot and Abraham
Mosaic in the nave arcade, Church of Santa Maria Maggione, Rome 432-40, 4’11” x 6’8”. From a story from the first book of the first book of the scriptures were they had grown too many so lot part the group with a group of people to Jordan while Abraham stayed in Canaan. The parting between the too man is shown by their separation. The Mosaic references to the Roman illusionist style in the 3-d figures in the background, with the people sheep and blue sky made with pieces of marble glass.

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Art History -Chap 7 Study Guide-

Materials and Techniques

  1. Manuscripts were hand written books. They often included illustrations, but techniques for combining pictures and text varied. The illustrations in the manuscripts were called miniatures. They were decorated with gold and colors and were illuminated. The covers came in the form of wooden boards covered with leather. The books were put together by folding a large sheet of parchment twice, cutting the edges free, then sewing the sheets together up the center.
  2. Metal works during the Byzantine period used precious metals such as gold and silver. It included the use of relief on the main subject as well on the intricate decorations. They also include jewels, colored glass, and delicate cloisonne, which is an enamel technique in which metal strips are affixed to the surface to form the design. The resulting areas are then filled with glass.
  3. Pendentives and squinches are two different methods of supporting a dome. A squinch is formed by a wood beam that is itself supported by an arch, giving it a niche-like or trumpet shape Pendentives are more sophisticated. They are a curving triangular vault springing from the corners of a rectangular area to transition between walls and the base of the dome.


The Dove: A symbol of purity, resembling peace when it is shown bearing an olive branch, a white dove is the symbolic embodiment of the Holy Spirit
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The Fish: One of the earliest symbols for Jesus Christ. Because of its association with baptism in the water it is a symbol for all Christians

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The Lamb: Symbolizes Jesus' sacrifice on the cross as the Lamb of God, a flock of sheep represent the apostles

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The Four Evangelists: Saint Matthew is represented as an angel, Saint Mark is a lion, Saint Luke an Ox, and Saint John is shown as an eagle.

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The Monogram of the Chi-Rho: The initials 'X' and 'P' that make up the Chi-Rho were the first two Greek letters of the word Christos. The emblem was sometimes seen enclosed by a halo

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The Crosses: Latin, Greek & Roman: Symbolizes the suffering and triumph of Jesus' crucifixion and the resurrection of Christ Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket

Early Christian Church Plans

  1. Basilican Plan Church: COPIED PIC FROM BOOK

  2. Central Plan Church: COPIED PIC FROM BOOK

    Compare and Discuss

  3. Dura Europos is the site of both a house-synagogue and a house-church. The synagogue survived primarily to the fact that it was infilled to strengthen the city's fortifications. The synagogue was built like a house and contained an assembly hall with a niche for torah scrolls, an alcove for women, and a courtyard. Jewish murals filled the synagogue's interior. They included narratives and symbolic scenes of Jewish history. The church was a typical Roman house with rooms and a courtyard and a second floor apartment. Artwork included murals above a niche with a water basin for baptism depicting the Good Shepherd and of Adam and Eve.
  4. The Santa Maria Maggiore was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The mosaics show a renewed interest in the earlier classicizing style of Roman art. Mosaics along the nave wall illustrate Old testament stories of the Jewish patriarchs and heroes. Decorations in the church were meant to praise God through their splendor. It uses the basilca-plan.

    The San Vitale uses the central plan. The design is a central-domed octagon extended by exedra-like semicircular bays. The whole of the domes rests on eight squinches and large piers. Artwork here include an image of Christ enthroned in the apse. Other images relate to its celebration of the Eucharist.

  5. The Pantheon appeared to be like any other classical temple as you approach it so the ornate and grand dome you see inside is not excepted. The Hagia Sophia is as grand outside as it is in. The exterior tells you have splendid the interior is. You have view of the dome and the half domes. The Hagia Sophia lacks the oculus of the Pantheon. Also instead on niches the dome of the Hagia Sophia has a band of windows at the base giving the dome the appearance it was floating.

Good Shepherd

Transfiguration of Christ

Christ Pantokrator

Here Christ is shown as a shepherd in imperial robes, a crowned halo, and carrying a staff with a cross on the top

Here Christ is shown standing in a blue halo that surrounds him and a gold halo that surrounds his head. He emits rays of light and stands beside the prophets Moses and Elijah.

Combines two persons: father and son; judge and savior. Christ is shown once again with a halo surrounding his head. Here he carries a bible

  1. The Katholikon is connected to the Theotokos. It lies on a central plan. Its dome is supported by squinches. It also contains a complex variety of forms such as domes, groin vaults, barrel vaults, pendentives, and squinches

    The Santa Constanza consists of a rotunda and an ambulatory. It has Composite capitals and entablature blacks that support the arcade and dome. Interior is sheathed in mosaics and fine marble.