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  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Saturday, February 23, 2008

AP Government-Chap 3-Module 2-

Cooperative Federalism

  • Government that consisting of multiple layers
  • Dual Federalism: State, county, and municipal government are separate entities bound by federal government
    • Grew until Great Depression
      • Roosevelt created New Deal Legislation to help depression
        • Created Cooperative Federalism:
          • Shared responsibilities and policies
          • Shared costs and programs and administrative roles
        • 14th amendment: shifted presidential toward national supervision of the states

    Fiscal Federalism

  • National government provides grants and funing to states
    • Originated from confederation period to fund farmer education
    • Now covers public housing, urban development, and school lunches
    • Refusing regulations will cause government to take away funding which will hurt sate
    • Grants:
      • Categorical:
        • Heavily regulated
      • Formula:
        • Defined rules
      • Project:
        • Creates competition
      • Block:
        • Few restrictions
    • Conditions and Aid:
      • Difficult to meet
    • Devolution:
      • Concept of scaling back the size and activities of the national government and giving more control over domestic programs to the states
      • Extends to local governments and even to non-profit groups through second or third order devolution

    Terms to Know

  • Black Grants: Given to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services. Relatively few restrictions
  • Categorical Grants: Federal grants used for specific purposes or areas of state and local spending. Many regulations
  • Cooperative Federalism: System of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
  • Devolution: Scaling back of the size and activities of the national government
  • Dual Federalism: A system of government where the national government and state governments have distinct realms of authority that do not overlap
  • Fiscal Federalism: The model of spending, taxing, and providing, grants in the federal system
  • Formula Grants: Federal categorical grants distributed according to a defined set of rules specified in legislation or in administrative regulations
  • 14th Amendment: "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States
  • Marble Cake Federalism: Cooperative federalism, where government share responsibilities
  • Project grants: Awarded to states for specific purposes and given on the basis of the merits of applications
  • Revenue-Sharing Program: A form of federal aid in which a pool of federal tax collections is given to the states as "shared money" with no restrictions
  • Unfunded Mandates: Under-funded legislation pass by Congress.

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