Chapter 8 Vocab.
Abbasid Dynasty: 750-1258 replaced the Umayyad dynasty
Aniconic: non figural
Arabesque: scrolling vines
Caliph: “successor” ruler of the Islamic kingdom,
Calligraphy: fancy Arabic writing used as and in art
Hadith: a composite book of what Muhammad did and said
Horseshoe arch: a round arch with an indentation in the middle
Imam: Prayer leader
Islam: Monotheistic religion created by Muhammad the Prophet
Iwan: large rectangular vaulted halls w/ monumental arched openings.
Kaaba: Islam’s holiest structure. One room cube shaped building, when Muslims pray they direct themselves towards the Kaaba. Thought to be built by Ishmael and Abraham over a foundation made by Adam
Khamsa of Nizami: Five poems written by Persian Mystic poet
Kilim: Flat woven carpet
Koran: “Recitation” Holy book of Islam
Kufic: Angular, earliest scripts for the city of Kufa
Madrasas: Schools for advanced study, like modern universities
Mecca: birthplace of Muhammad, place of the major pilgramage
Miniatures: individual small scaled paintings
Mirador: Projecting rooms with windows on three sides
Mosque: Muslim place of worship
Muqarnas: Niche-like pointed arch
Naskhi: script used by educated Muslims
Nasrid: last Spanish Muslim Dynasty 1232-1492)
Ogival or Pointed Arch: an arch with a pointed tip and stones outlining
Thuluth:popilar Mamluk cursive scriptTugras: Imperial calligraphic design
Umayyad Dynasty: 661-750. Founded by Uthman. The Umayyads spread from India to Spain and Northern Africa
Warp and Weft: Warp is vertical portion of the wool carpets, wefts are the flat woven horizontal rows that hold the piece together.
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Wednesday, December 12, 2007
Chapter 8 Vocab.