Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Sunday, December 9, 2007

Art History -Chap 8- Images Parts 1+2

8.3 Cut-Away Drawing of the Dome of the Rock

  • 687-91
  • Oldest surviving Islamic sanctuary
  • Stands on platform of the temple Mount and encloses a rock outcropping that is sacred to the Jews

    • Where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac
  • Built by Syrian artisans in the Byzantine tradition
  • Central plan
  • Crowned with a golden dome. Decorated with tiles outside and marble veneer and mosaic inside
  • Frieze on inner wall contain inscriptions from the Koran with passages from other texts
  • Walls are covered with pale marble whose veining creates abstract symmetrical patterns and columns with shafts of gray patterned marble and gilded capitals
  • Mosaics thought to represent the gardens of Paradise

8-5 Frieze, Detail of Fa├žade

  • The frieze of Mshatta extended in a band 16 feet high across the base
  • It was divided by a zigzag molding into triangular compartments

    • Each has contains a large rosette in high relief
  • Compartments were filled with intricate carvings in low relief that included interlacing scrolls inhabited by birds and other animals

8.6 Prayer Hall, Great Mosque

  • One of the earlier mosques
  • Hypostyle hall

    • Approached through an open courtyard
    • Sahn an dinteriors are divided by rows of columns leading at the far end to the mihrab niche of a qibla wall

8-24 Behram Gur Visiting One of His Wives, an Indian Princess

  • Illustrates the character from a lyrical favorite
  • Round impassive faces of the amorous couple and their servants are a part of their idealization of the Timurid style painting
  • There are no shadows and the colors are all bright although the scene takes place at night
  • In the background there you see a garden in bloom through an opening in the wall
  • Foreground contains a silver stream that has been tarnished back

8-26 Illuminated Tugra of Sultan Suleyman

  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1555-60
  • Ink, paint, and gold on paper
  • Oversized Tugra that required more than the usual skill to execute
  • The color scheme of the floral interlace enclosed in the body was inspiried by Chinese blue-and-white ceramics

8.2 Dome of the Rock Jerusalem

  • 687-91
  • The gilt wooden beams in the outer ambulatory are not visable
  • The carpets and ceiling are modern, but probably reflect the original patron's design
  • See 8.3

8.7 Dome in front of the mihrab, Great Mosque
-the melon-shaped, ribbed dome over one bays seems to float over a web of intersecting arches that rise from polylobed
-intersects arches rather than supporting piers
-lushly patterned mosaics w/ inscriptions, geometric motifs, & stylized vegetations clothe the domes in brilliant color and gold

Mosque Plans:
Hypostyle Halls:
-Great Mosque, Cordoba.
-sahn: the courtyard; interior is divided by rows of columns leading, at the far end, to the mihrab niche of a qibla wall, which is orients toward Mecca
Four -iwan Mosque:
-originally associated w/ madrasas (schools for advanced study)
-iwans: monumental barrel-vaulted halls w/ wide-open, arched entrances; faces each other across the sahn
-most were developed in Persia
Central-plan Mosque:
-Selimiye Cami, Edirne: mosque derived from from Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia - typical Ottoman Turkish architecture
-interior is dominated by a large doomed space uninterrupted by structural supports
-worship is directed toward a qibla wall and its mihrab opposite the entrance

8.8. Bowl with kufic border:
-from Samarkand, Uzbekistan; 9th-10th cent; Earthenware w/ slip, pigment, & lead glaze
-a bowl of medium quality, clear lead glaze was applied over a black inscription on a white slip-painted ground
-letters are elongated to fill the rim
-inscriptions translates: ”Knowledge, the beginning of it is bitter to taste, but the end is sweeter than honey”

8.10 Court of the Lions, Palace of the Lions, Alhambra, Granada, Spain
-completed. C. 1370-80
-a private retreat built by Muhammad the fifth (ruled 1362-91) in the late 14th cent.
-a rectangular courtyard named for a marble fountain surrounded by stone lions
-presently sanded
-originally a garden w/ aromatic shrubs, flowers, & small citrus trees between water channels that radiate from the central Lion Fountain
-2nd floor has miradors: projecting rooms w/ windows on 3 sides

8.12 Courtyard, Masjid-I Jami (Great Mosque), Isfahan, Persia (Iran)
-11th-18th cent. View from the northeast
-originally a hypostyle mosque; late 11th cent. Refurbished w/ 2 brick domes; 12th cent. W/ 4 iwans and a monumental gate flanked by paired minarets
-brick masonry on the interior of the iwans is unadorned; facades are sheathed in brilliant blue architectural tilework; typical Islamic feature for why this monument is famous

8.13 Tile mosaic mihrab, from the Madrasa Imami, Isfahan, Persia (Iran)
-c. 1354 (restored). Glazed and painted ceramic
-now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
-11 ft tall, made by cutting each piece of tile individually, including the pieces making up the letters on the curving surface of the niche
-color scheme (white against turquoise and cobalt blue w/ accents of dark yellow & green) is a typical kind of decoration

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