Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Thursday, November 8, 2007

Art History -Chap 6 - Images page 2

Ara Pacis:

C. 13-9 BC

Marble, 34'5", view of west side

Originally located on the Tiber River

Aligned with a giant sundial

Celebrated Augustus as a warrior and a peacemaker

Rectangular with an enclosed alter, entrance is through a flight of stairs on the west wall

Flowers suspended in swags from bucrania surround alter

(bucrania (ox skulls) symbolize sacrificial offerings)

Augustus of Primaporta

Early 1st Century

Marble, 6'8"

Combination of Greek idealism and Roman individuality

Discovered in a villa belonging to Augustus's wife

Demonstrates creative assimilation of earlier sculptural traditions into a new context

Idealization of a specific ruler and his prowess

Cupid, the son of Venus rides a dolphin next to his leg

Reference to the claim that the emperor's family were descendants of Venus

Bare feet represent elevation to divine status

Aulus Metellus

Pergia: Late 2nd or early 1st BC

Bronze, 5'1"

Originally known as The Orator

Pose is expressive of authority and persuasiveness

Maison Caree

Nimes: C. 20 BC

Early imperial temple

Large and richly decorated

Dedicated to the grandsons of Augustus

Uses opulant Corinthian order

Temple dedicated to Portunus

Rome: 2nd Century BC

Located on the Tibur River and dedicated to

Rectangular cella and a porch at one end reached by a single flight of stairs

Ionic columns, colonnade across entrance, engaged around building

Port du Gard

Nimes: 1st century BC

900 foot span rising 180 feet above the Gard River

Originally an aqueduct

Conveys the balance, proportion, and rhythmic harmony of a great work of art

Musician and Dancers

Tomb and the Lionesses, Tarquinia C.480-470 BC

Mural in a tomb

Painted frieze

Woman portrayed as active participants

Etruscan had ability to suggest that their subjects inhabit a bright world beyond the tomb walls

Column of Trajan, Rome

113-116 or after 117 CE

Marble, 125'

Height may have recorded the depth of the excavation required to build the Forum of Trajan

Topped with gilded bronze statue

Involved more than 2,500 individual figures linked by landscape, architecture


Anthony said...

The Ara Pacis is on the Tiber now - I am pretty sure that was not the original location of the altar.

There is a lot of information for the Ara Pacis here:

Christina said...

I'm sure it was there originally. They moved it closer to the Tiber, but it was in the area.

Anthony said...

Ciao Christina - yes - it was near the river (actually covered by the silt eventually) - but was moved quite a bit when rediscovered:

"(3.) When the Ara Pacis was reconstructed, on Mussolini's instructions, it was moved considerably to the north of its original location and rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise to align with the mausoleum of Augustus. By convention, modern discussions of the structure refer to its original Orientation. Several studies have pointed out inaccuracies in the 1930s reconstruction: Diane A. Conlin, "The Reconstruction of Antonia Minor on the Ara Pacis Augustae," Journal of Roman Archaeology 5 (1992): 209-15; and Gerhard Koeppel, "The Third Man: Restoration Problems on the North Frieze of the Ara Pacis Augustae," Journal of Roman Archaeology 5 (1992): 216-17."