Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Monday, March 24, 2008

Art History-Images-Chap 25

  • 25-1: Kojo Bonsu. Finial of a spokesperson's staff
    • Ghana, Ashanti culture
    • Wood and gold
    • Depicts a proverb saying that political power is like an egg, grasp it too tightly and it will shatter, hold it too loosely and it will slip from your grasp
    • This was the top of a staff held by a ruler

       
       

  • 25-2 Doll (Biiga)
    • Mossi culture; wood
    • People of Burkina Faso made it
    • Biiga=Child
    • Plaything for little girls
    • Shows ideals of mature beauty
      • Elaborate hair styles, lovely clothing, developed breasts
    • Wears hair as most little girls do: long projecting lock over face
    • Elongated breasts recall the practice of stretching by massaging for lactation
    • Scars at the naval mimic those applied to women following the birth of their 1st child

       
       

  • 25-3
    Akiode. Twin Figures (ere ibeji)

    • Yourba culture; wood
    • Female
    • Encourage the birth and growth of children, the figures encourage the birth of children and emphasize health and well-being
    • Have glossy surfaces, rings of fat as evidence they were well fed and marks of mature adulthood
    • Represent hope fort he future, for survival, and prosperity

     
     

  • 25-4 Two Masks in Performance
    • Dossi, Burkina Faso, Bwa Culture
    • Wood, mineral pigments, and fiber
    • Importance marked by tall narrow plank
      • Abstract and represent the spirits that have taken neither human nor animal form
      • Graphics are easily identified
      • The crescent at the top represent eh quarter moon, under which the initiation is held
      • White triangle represent bull roarers (sacred sound makers)
      • 'X' represents the scar that every initiated Bwa wears as a mark of devotion
      • Zigzags represent the path of the ancestors
      • The red hook is supposed to be the beak of a hornbill

     
     

  • 25-5 Female Ancestral Mask (Nowo)
    • Sierra Leonne, Mende Culture
    • Wood
    • High glossy forehead, plaited hair style decorated with combs, and creases of abundance around the neck represents the Mende ideal of female beauty
    • Compared to an African butterfly; therefore the girls are like beautiful butterflies emerging from its ugly chrysalis

     
     

  • 25-6 Bwami Mask
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lega Culture
    • Wood, kaolin, and hemp fibers
    • Associated with yananio, the second highest grade
    • Head fashioned into an oval into which a concave, heart shaped face is carved
    • Masks are colored white with clay and fitted with a beard made from hemp fibers
    • Displayed by holding in the hand or attached to a thigh

     
     

  • 25-7 Spirit Figure (Boteba)
    • Burkina Faso, Lobi Culture
    • Wood
    • In a pose of mourning
    • Boteba mourns so that the owner won't have to be sad
    • Takes on the burden of grief

     
     

  • 25-8 Power Figue (Nkisi Nkonde)
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kongo Culture
    • Wood, nails, pins, blades, and other materials
    • Plain and wooden when first created, bilongo added specific to the owner
    • Nail punched in to get the attention of the spirit

     
     

  • 25-9 Spirit Spouse (blolo bla)
    • Cote d'lvoire, Baule Culture
    • Wood
    • Especial attention to details

     
     

  • 25-10 Dance Staff Depicting Eshu
    • Nigeria, Yourba Culture
    • Wood
    • Shown as a boy blowing a loud noise to annoy people and also as a wise old man
    • Two faces are joined by hair
    • Heads crown a dance want meant to be carried in performances by priests and followers of Eshu

     
     

  • 25-1 Kojo Bonsu. Finial of a Spokesperson's Staff
    • Ghana, Ashanti Culture
    • Example of the art of leadership
    • Illustrates a story that has multiple meanings when told by a witty owner
    • Carved in 1960s-70s

     
     

  • 25-11 Kente Cloth
    • Ghana, Ashanti Culture
    • Silk
    • Originally reserved for state regalia
      • Man wore a single huge piece wrapped like a toga with no belt and the right shoulder bare
      • Women wore two pieces, a skirt and a shawl
    • Begins with a warp pattern that alternate red, green, and yellow (oyokoman ogya da mu)
    • Traditionally only the king was allowed to wear this pattern

     
     

  • 25-12 Royal Portrait Figure (ndop) of Shyaam a-mbul

    • Democratic Republic of the Congo, Baluba Culture, Kuba Kingdom
    • Wood
    • While the king was alive his ndop was believed to be his double
    • After death it was believed to embody his spirit, which was thought to have power over the fertility of the land and his subjects
    • On the front of his dais is a board for playing mancala (he supposedly introduced he game)

     
     

  • 25-13 Olowe of Ise. Door from Royal Palace in Ikere, Nigeria
    • Yourba Culture
    • Wood, pigment
    • Asymmetrical composition combines narrative and symbolic scenes in horizontal rectangular panels
    • Tall figures carved in profile end in heads facing out to confront the viewer
      • Long necks and elaborate hairstyles make them appear taller
    • Figures are in such high relief that the upper portions are carved in the round

     
     

  • 25-14 Ekpo Mask
    • Nirergia, Anang Ibibio Culture
    • Wood
    • Given repulsive qualities
      • Swollen features, matte black skin, eneven teeth
    • Skulls at top are images of death
    • Scar on forehead symbolizes the membership in the diviner's cult

     
     

  • 25-15 Kanaga Mask
    • Mali, Dogon Culture
    • Wood
    • Most common
    • Rectangular face supports a superstructure of planks that depict a woman, bird, or lizard with splayed legs

     
     

  • 25-16 Reliquary Guardian (nlo byeri)
    • Gabon, Fang Culture
    • Wood
    • Carved in naturalistic style with carefully arranged hairstyle
    • Fully rounded torso, heavily muscled legs and arms
    • Frequent applications of cleansing and purifying palm oil

     
     

  • 25-17 Ancestral Screen (duen fobara)
    • Abonnema village, Nigeria. Ijo culture
    • "Foreheads of the dead"
    • Made of pieces of wood and cane that were joined, nailed, bounds, and pegged together
    • Wears a hat the shows that he is a member of an important men's society called Peri
    • Flanked by assistants, followers, or supporters of the canoe house
    • Originally held weapons

     
     

  • 25-18 Spirit Mask in Performance
    • Cote d'lvoire, Guro culture
    • Polychrome wood

     
     

  • 25-19 Ouattara. Nok Culture
    • Acylic and mixed mediums on mood
    • Dense with allusions to Africa's artistic and spiritual heritage
    • Name refers to a culture that thrived in Nigeria and whose naturalistic use of terra-cotta sculpture are e earliest known figurative art from Sub-Sahara
    • Thickly applied paint has built up a surface reminiscent of the painted adobe walls
    • Conical horns at the upper corners evoke the ancestral shrines common in rural communities
    • Motif of concentric circles at the center looks like the traditional bull-roarer sound maker

     
     

  • Magdalene Odundo. Asymmetrical Angled Piece
    • Reduced red clay
    • Asymmetrical
    • Flawless surface like traditional Kenyan pottery

     
     

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