Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Sunday, January 13, 2008

Art History - Chap 15 - Vocab

Archivolt

Curved molding formed by the voussoir making up an arch.

Attribute

The symbolic object or objects that identify a particular deity, saint, or personification in art.

Bailey

The outermost walled courtyard of a castle.

Baldachi

A canopy (whether suspended from the ceiling, projecting from a wall, or supported by columns) placed over an honorific or sacred space such as a throne or altar.

Campanile

The Italian term for a freestanding bell tower.

Chevron

A decorative or heraldic motif of repeated Vs; a zigzag pattern.

Compound
Pier

A pier or large column with shafts, pilasters, or colonnettes attached to it on one or more sides.

Corbelling

An early roofing and arching technique in which each course of stone projects slightly beyond the previous layer.

Crenellation

Alternating high and low sections of the wall, giving a notched appearance and creating permanent defensive shields in the walls of fortified buildings.

Cruciform

A term describing anything that is cross-shaped, as in the cruciform plan of a church.

Embroidery

The technique in needlework of decorating fabric by stitching designs and figures of colored threads of fine material.

Fresco

A painting technique in which water-based pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster.

Galleria

In church architecture, the story found above the side aisles of a church, usually open to and overlooking the nave.

Glazing

In ceramics, a method of treating earthen-wares with an outermost layer of vitreous liquid (glaze) that, upon firing, renders a waterproof and decorative surface.

Lantern

A turret-like structure situated on top of a dome, with windows that allow light into the space below.

Lithograph

A print made from a design drawn on a flat stone block with greasy crayon.

Niello

A metal technique in which a black sulfur allory is rubbed into fine lines engraved into a metal (usually gold and silver).

Rib

Projecting band at the juncture of the curved surfaces, or cells, of a vault that is sometimes structural and sometimes purely decorative.

Rosette

A round or oval ornament resembling a rose.

Sanctuary

A sacred or holy enclosure used for worship.

Stringcourse

A continuous horizontal band, such as a molding, decorating the face of a wall.

Trumeau

A column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel.

Tympanum

In classical architecture, the vertical panel of the pediment. In medieval, the area over a door enclosed by an arch and a lintel, often decorated with sculpture or mosaic.

Vaulting

A system of space spanning using vaults.

Crossing

Part of a cross shaped church where the nave and the transept meet

Portal

Large doorway

Transept

Arm of a cruciform church

Choir

Section of a Christian church reserved for the clergy or the religious

Scriptoria

Room in a monastery for writing or copying manuscripts

Lectionary

Work containing biblical excerpts arranged according to the Church calendar for reading during Mass

Keep

Massive tower east of the bailey in Durham Castle

Moat

water filled ditch

Tomb
Effigies

Portraits of the deceased


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