Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)

  • 03-17-2008 - 03-21-2008 -Spring Break (FREEDOM)
  • 03-21-2008 -Art History Outline and images
  • Still during spring break: Read Lord of the Flies for techniques/devices, 3 allusions due.

Sunday, January 13, 2008

Art History –Chap 14 - Images

14-20 Burial Ship:

  • Oseburg, Norway C. 815-20
  • Wood
  • Propelled by both sails and oars, it was designed for travel in calm waters
  • The shelter at the center of the ship was used for the burial of two women (thought to be Queen Aase and a servant)
    • Burial cabin contained two empty chests and two looms
  • Vikings saw ships as sleek serpents
  • Cabin walls covered in tapestries
  • Bands of animal interlace carved in low relief run along the ship's bow and stern

    14-22 Church of Saint Cyriakus, Gernrode

  • Gero founded the convent of Saint Cyriakus and commisioned the church in 961
  • Designed as a basilica with a westwork
  • Choir ans apse rose at east end over the vaulted crypt
  • Windows, wall arcades, and blind arcades break the severity of churches exterior

    14-24 Nave, Church of Saint Cyriakus

  • Interior has three levels
    • Arcade separating nave from the side aisles
    • Gallery with groups of six arched openings
    • Clerestory
  • Ceiling is flat and made of wood
  • Marked with vertical shifts in visual rhythm, with two arches on the nave level surmounted by six arches on the gallery level, surmounted in turn by three windows in the clerestory

    14-28 Gero Crucifix

  • C. 970
  • Painted gold and gilded wood
  • Life size sculpture is a crucifix to be suspended over an alter
  • The cavity in the back of the head hold a piece of the Host, or communion bread
  • Intent of showing of Jesus as a tortured martyr is to inspire pity and awe
  • The straight linear fall of his golden drapery heightens the impact of his drawn face, emaciated arms and lags, ect.

    14-29 Page with Otto III Enthroned

  • Imperial propaganda
  • Establishes the divine underpinning of Otto's authority and depicts him as a near-divine being himself
    • He is enthroned in heaven, surrounded by a mandorla and symbols representing the evangelists
    • Throne is symbol of worldly dominion
    • hst

    14-30 Page with Christ Washing the Feet of His Disciples

  • Ink and color on vellum
  • Washing the feet in a gesture of hospitality, love, and humility as well as a symbolic transfer of spiritual power from Jesus to his "vicars"
  • Peter has his foot in the basin and reaches towards Jesus

    Chi Rho Iota page, Book of Matthew, Book of Kells

    -probably made at Iona, Scotland. late 8th or early 9th century

    -artists have reaffirmed their Celtic heritage in the animal interlace and spirals w/ which they forn the monogram of Christ (the three Greek leters chi rho iota) and the words Christi autem generatio, the first sentence of Matthew's Gospel

    -painters inserted pictorial observations and comments and symbolically referred to Christ many times

    -the three angels are reminders that angels surrounded the Holy Family at the time of the Nativity, showing Matthew's story

    Purse cover, from the Sutton Hoo burial ship,

    -from Suffolk, England. C 615-30

    -Cloisonne plaques of gold, garnet, and check millefiore enamel

    -set with garnets and blue checkered enamel, forming figures and rectilinear patterns

    -shows Hiberno-Saxon style showing Near Eastern, Germanic, Swedish, and Roman art

    Page with Lion

    -from the Gospel of Saint John, Gospel Book or Durrow, probably made at Iona, Scotland. c 675

    -ink and tempera on parchment

    -shows pre-Vulgate tradition, using the lion, normally the symbol of Saint Mark, for Saint John and Saint John's eagle for Saint Mark

    -has two type of ribbon interlace

    South Cross, Ahenny,

    -from County Tipperary, Ireland. 8th century. Stone

    -Celtic reinterpreted as a halo or a glory (a ring of heavenly light), or as a purely practical support for the arms of the cross

    -modeled on metal ceremonial or reliquary crosses, cross-shaped containers for holy relics

    -outlined w/ gadrooning and covered w/ spirals and interlace

    -the bosses (broocklike projections), that form a cross w/in the cross, resemble the jewels that were similarly placed on metal crosses

    Emeterius and Senior. Colophon page, Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus and Commentary on Daniel by Jerome,

    -made for the Monastery of San Salvador at Tabara, Leon, Spain. Completed July 27, 970

    -tempera on parchment

    -a five-story tower of the Tabara monastery and the two-story scriptorium attached to it

    -Emeterius is on the right and Senior is on the left; there is also a helper, a monk, and three other men climbing ladders

    Presentation page with Abbess Hitda and Saint Walpurga

    -from the Hitda Gospels. Early 11th century.

    -ink and colors on vellum

    -The abbess offers her book to Saint Walpurga, her convent's patron saint

    -size of the convent underscores the abbess's position of authority

    -rocky, uneven strip of ground represents a holy ground

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