Democracy: Aform of government, system f selecting policy makers and a way of orginizing so that policy represents and respond to the publics prefereces
Dictatorship: A form of ogvernment in which one person controls all aspects of governing, the general populatuib has little or no political participation, and their rights are restricted
Direct Democracy: System or process that depends on the voice of the people (and not representatives), usually through referendums or initiatives, to make public policy decisions
Elite $ class Theory: A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regaurdless of the formal necessities of governmental orginization
Hyperpluralism: A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakend.
Indirect Democracy: A system also called representative democracy in which the people elect representatives to run teh government and express their sentiments
Linakge institutions: The channels or access points through which issues and people's policy preferences get on the government's policy agenda. Int eh US elections, politcal parties, and interest groupd are the three main
Monarchy: Form of government in which one person has control, claiming power comes from divine rights passed from one generation to another of the royal class to the next
Olgarchy: Form of government called Dictatorship of the party. In which power is shared amoung an exclusive group and people have few rights and limited particiaption in government
Pluralists: A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politcs is mainly a compition amoung groups each one person pessing for its own preferred policies
Policy Agenda: Lists of su bjects or problems to which governemtn closly associated with those official are aying attention
Policy Making: Branches of gov. charged with taking action on political issues. Congress, president, and courts.
Policy making system: Process ny which political problems and communicated by the voted and acted upon by the government policy makers. System begins with the people's needs and expectations. People confront the government and try to influence their agenda
Political Socialization: The process through which an individual acquires political orientations knowledges, feelings, and evaluations regaurding his or her political world
Public Policy: Choice that gov. makes in response to a political issue, A policy is a course of action taken with regard to some problem
Representative Monarchy: Form of governemnt in which the monarch is more of a figurehead, people ahve political and civil rights
Republic: Form of governemnt that derives its power, directly formt e people. Those chosen to govern are responsable for those who elected them
Traditional Democratic Theory: Democratic government makes its decisions. It's cornerstones are equality in voting, effective particpation, enlighten understanding, final control over the agenda and inclusions.
Levithan: Influentioal writing by Hobbes describing his theory that government is necessary to give people peace and security, and for these benifits they must surrender some of their natural rights
Magna Carta: Presented to King John of England at Runnymade, outline restrictions to his power and granted certain rights to the barons
Petition of rightaL Members of paliment withheld their consent to increase taxes until Charels I approved this petition. Kept him from unfairly punishing people
Social Contract: Essay by Rousseau, explains his beliefs that government should act for the good of all people and that people have a social responsability and civic duty to be involved in their govenment
Two Treaties of the Government: Locke's essay in which he rejects the claim that monarchs have a divine right to rule. Gov. must act for the good of people and that people have the rights to rebel if it fail to protect their natural rights
English Bills of Rights: Mary of Orange signed this as a condition of their becoming new English monarchs. Ended Monarchs abuse of the people.
Newest Assignments and Dates (If assignment is online it shall be stated below)
Friday, February 8, 2008